According to the accumulation data from researchers and scientists, it is said that there are approximately 109 mountains on this planet earth that has the altitude far greater than 7,200 meters above the sea level. Here are the top 10 highest mountains on Earth listed below.
- 1. Mount Everest, Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet/China (8,848m)
- 2. K2, Karakoram, Pakistan/China (8,611m)
- 3. Kangchenjunga, Himalayas, Nepal/India (8,586m)
- 4. Lhotse, Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet/China (8,516m)
- 5. Makalu, Nepal/Tibet (8,463 m)
- 6. Cho Oyu, Nepal/ (Tibet 8,201 m)
- 7. Dhaulagiri, Nepal (8,167 m)
- 8. Manaslu, Nepal (8,163 m)
- 9. Nanga Parbat, Pakistan (8,126 m)
- 10. Annapurna, Nepal (8,091 m)
1. Mount Everest, Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet/China (8,848m)
Recognized as the highest mountain in the world, Mount Everest stands at a height of 8,848 meters. This mountain situates in the Himalayas mountain range which lies on the border of Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Originally, this mountain was named Peak XV, but later in 1865, it was renamed to Mount Everest after Sir George Everest who was a British surveyor-general of India. If looking at this mountain, you will see its shapes representing a three-side-pyramid. On the summit of Mount Everest is covered by rock-hard snow and layer of snow. It is said that the average temperature on the summit is -19 °C during summer and -36 °C during winter with power chilly wind. There is only one-third of oxygen at the summit and upper slopes, which is very hostile to living creatures along with the freezing temperature. Despite the fact that it is the highest mountain, a lot of adventurers challenged to climb it knowingly Junko Tabei, who was a Japanese mountaineer and also the first woman who reached the summit of Mount Everest.
2. K2, Karakoram, Pakistan/China (8,611m)
With several names such as Qogir Feng, Mount Godwin Austen, Dapsang or Chogori, Mount K2 is known for its second-highest mountain in the world as it is 8,611 meters tall above the sea level. It is located in Karakoram Range and Kashmir Region in the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang, China. Not much different from Mount Everest, Mount K2 was discovered by Col. T.G. Montgomerie, who was the Survey of India, in 1856. There had been a lot of scientists and researchers attempted to reach the summits. They, however, had failed until July 31, 1954, Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli broke the record of reaching its peak. Comparing to Mount Everest, Mount K2 is more challenging to climb due to its steeper slopes along with unpredictable bad weather. Regarding to the temperature, it is generally around -40 °C, and it keeps changing according to the seasons.
3. Kangchenjunga, Himalayas, Nepal/India (8,586m)
Situated in the eastern Himalayas which is on the between Sikkim state, northeastern India, and eastern Nepal, Mount Kangchenjunga is 8,586 meters tall, and it is recognized as the third highest mountain on earth. As for its name, “Kangchenjunga” means “Five Treasuries of the Great Snow” in Sikkim. Not only does it represent the third highest mountain in the world, but it is also a place where its local people hold religious rituals for some special events. During the summer monsoon season, there will be a heavy snowfall on the mountain, while there will be light snowfall during winter. About the temperature, the upper part of the mountain will be colder compared to the lower part of the mountain. The temperature at the upper part is -15 °C. Trekking on Mount Kangchenjunga is quite safer comparing to Mount Everest and K2. People can go on a journey to Kanchenjunga Base Camp Trek which usually takes 28 days.
4. Lhotse, Himalayas, Nepal/Tibet/China (8,516m)
Lying within the Himalayas Mountain Range, Lhotse is situated in Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Lhotse, in fact, lies south of Mount Everest. Its altitude is 8,516 meters above the sea level. In addition, the mountain categorizes into 3 summits knowingly the main summit (8,516 meters), smaller peaks Lhotse Middle at the east (8,414 meters), and Lhotse Shar (8,383 meters). For those who would like to climb this mountain, they could take the same route of the South Col of Everest route beyond Camp 3 of the Yellow Band. Historically, this mountain was first climbed by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss from Switzerland on May 18, 1956. Despite its lower height comparing to the top 3 highest mountains, Lhotse is famous for its difficulty to be climbed as it has the steepest face. Consequently, rarely do people take the challenge to climb this mountain.
5. Makalu, Nepal/Tibet (8,463 m)
Similar to other top highest mountains, Makalu lies in Himalayas Range with its altitude of 8,463 meters. It is 23 kilometers east-southeast from Mount Everest, and it is bordered by Nepal and Tibet. According to the researcher, “Makalu” is derived from Sanskrit Maha Kala, which means “Big Black”. This mountain has 2 subsidiary summits known as Kangchungtse, or Makalu II (7,678 meters and 2 miles away from northwest of the main Makalu summit) and Chomo Lonzo (7,804 meters – northeast of Makalu’s summit in Tibet and above Kangshung Valley). In the world record, the first people who climbed this mountain were Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy in 1954 during a reconnaissance expedition to Makalu through the southwest ridge. Since then, there hadn’t been anyone else climbed the mountain until a Japanese adventurer climbed it in 1993.
6. Cho Oyu, Nepal/ (Tibet 8,201 m)
Listed as the 6th highest mountain on earth, Cho Oyu is situated between Nepal and Tibet which is also within Himalayas Range, and it is at the northwest of Mount Everest. It stands at the altitude of 8,201 meters (26,906 feet) above the sea level. In Tibetan’s language, Cho Oyu means the Turquoise Goddess. Regarding its climbing history, this mountain was first climbed by Herbert Tichy and his group on October 19, 1954. In spite of its ranking as number 6 of the highest mountain, it is known for its less complicated trekking route. For the trekkers, it is recommended to start their journey during spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November). All trekkers should avoid going there from June to August and December to February as the route could be very slippery, and bad weather is unpredictable.
7. Dhaulagiri, Nepal (8,167 m)
Within the range of Himalayas, Dhaulagiri is situated in the west-central of Nepal with a height of 8,167 meters (26,795 feet). This mountain stands between the Bheri River on the west and the Kali Gandaki River on the east. In fact, it is known to be the highest mountain in Nepal and its massif. Translated from Sanskrit, “Dhaulagiri” means “white mountain”. Dhaulagiri is divided into 5 peaks:
- Dhaulagiri I – the tallest peak 8,167 meters (26,795 feet)
- Dhaulagiri II – the second tallest peak 7,751 meters (25,340 feet)
- Dhaulagiri III – the third tallest peak 7,715 meters (25,311 feet)
- Dhaulagiri IV – the fourth tallest peak 7,661 meters (25,135 feet)
- Dhaulagiri V – the last tallest peak 7,618 meters (24,992 feet)
This mountain has discovered in 1808 by westerners. However, due to its steeps sides and freezing cold weather, it prevented researchers from climbing. Until May 13, 1960, Max Eilsen, a Swiss expeditor, led his group of 16 members to reach the summit of this mountain.
8. Manaslu, Nepal (8,163 m)
Manaslu Mountain is the eighth highest mountain in the world with an altitude of 8,163 meters (26,781 feet) above sea level. Geographically, it is located in the west-central part of Nepal, which is also in the Himalayas Mountain Range, and it is 40 miles away from the east of Annapurna. The name of the mountain is derived from Sanskrit word which means Mountain of Spirit. On May 9, 1956, this mountain was first climbed by a Japanese expedition led by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu. According to the world record, there were many expeditors attempting to reach its summit. Some succeeded, while the others were not lucky. At Manaslu, there are also a lot of interesting things that allow the tourists to do and experience such as trekking to the Manaslu Mountain, experience with the local culture, traditions, and architecture.
9. Nanga Parbat, Pakistan (8,126 m)
Rising above the sea level at the elevation of 8,126 meters (26,660 feet) high, Nanga Parbat Mountain is located in the western part of Himalayas approximately 27 km (17 miles) west-southwest of Astor, Nanga Parbat Mountain is the ninth highest mountain in the world. Actually, it is in Kashmir Region, Pakistan. The mountain’s steep wall stands at the high of nearly 4,600 meters (15,000 feet) above the valley, and its north side steep falls at the height of 7,000 meters (23,000 feet) to the Indus River. Albert F. Mummery, the British Alpine Climber, is the 1st person who attempted to reach the summit in 1895. Unfortunately, he failed and died due to the glacier and snow on the mountain. The person who first reached the summit was Hermann Buhl, who was an Austrian climber in 1953.
10. Annapurna, Nepal (8,091 m)
Not only is it well-known as the tenth highest mountain on planet earth, but it is also the most dangerous mountain to climb. Annapurna rises at the altitude of 8,091 meters (26,545 feet) above the sea level. It is situated in Himalayas Ranges in Nepal, and it has 55 kilometers (34 miles) ridge just east of the Gandaki River. On June 3, 1950, Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, the French climbers, reached its summit. According to researchers, the rocks at the summit of Annapurna are the limestone that exists at the bottom of the ocean. This can be implied that these mountains are the result of the powerful tectonic forces.