Each nation puts a lot of effort to build infrastructures in one’s country in order to make their country prosperous. The more infrastructure they build, the better of the economy they reach. There are a lot of amazing buildings, monuments, sculptures, statues and many other breathtaking objects. As such, bridges play a very important role that also contributes benefit to the citizens of one’s country as well as its economy. However, with the help of technology, people are able to achieve more than what is supposed to be. Here are the top 10 longest bridge that has been ever built on earth.
1. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge
Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge, which is located in China, is listed as the longest bridge on earth as it is 164,800 meters long. This bridge is built to serve the purpose of high-speed railways that runs from Nanjing to Shanghai. The project of Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge construction took 4 years to be completed. What is more, it required around 100,000 people and its cost was over 8.5 billion dollars. According to the Chinese government, there were a lot of designers and architects from different countries took part in this project. There actually were some challenges for them during the construction period especially on the terrains and the surrounding environment. In fact, its construction was completed in 2010, but it was officially opened in 2011. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge was listed in the Guinness World Record for its length as the longest bridge in the world in June 2011.
2. Changhua–Kaohsiung Viaduct
Length of 157,317 meters long and width of 13 meters wide, Changhua–Kaohsiung Viaduct is known as the second-longest bridge after Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge. Actually, it also serves as a high-speed railway in the area. It is located in Taiwan, and it links Changhua County to Zuoying District. Its construction was completed in 2007. By December 2012, this bridge carried more than 200 million passengers. Constructed by using Japanese technology, this bridge is able to stand against earthquakes.
3. Tianjin Grand Bridge
Tianjin Grand Bridge was built in 2006 at Tianjing City of Hebei province. It links Qingxian and Langfang county, and it is considered as High-Speed Railways of Beijing – Shanghai. According to the World Record, Tianjin Grand Bridge is 113,700 meters (70.6 miles) long. This construction project cost approximately 20 billion dollars and was completed in 2010. However, the government allowed it to be publically used in 2011. For its structure shape, it is a Grinder Bridge. Furthermore, this bridge spreads to the Pearl River Delta and has a 4-miles tunnel that connects the 2 islands.
4. Cangde Grand Bridge
Ranking as the fourth-longest bridge on earth, Cangde Grand Bridge is located in China with its length of 105.81 kilometers long. Similar to Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge, it is also considered as one of the high-speed railways from Beijing-Shanghai. According to the Chinese government, the construction project was completed in 2010, and the bridge was built with modern technology which allowed bridge durable with the earthquake.
5. Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge
Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge, which is located in China, is 79,732 meters long. It is very famous for its length as it stands at the fifth rank among the longest bridge in the world. It serves as High-Speed Railway that links Xi’an to Zhengzhou. It is said that at least 10,000 workers worked on the bridge construction. To make the bridge tougher, the architects and engineers used approximately 45,000 tons of steel and 2,300,000 cubic meters of concrete. The construction project was finished in 2008. However, the Chinese government allowed the railways to be used on February 6, 2010.
6. Bang Na Expressway
Bang Na Expressway stands as the sixth-longest bridge on earth, which is located in Thailand. This bridge is 55 kilometers (34.1 miles) long, and it runs above Bang Na – Trat Highway. For the travelers taking on this bridge, they have to pay for a toll. Originally, its name is Barupha with Expressway. Due to the traffic congestion, the Thai government decided to initiate the Bang Na Bridge in order to lift up the problems. The project took 5 years to finish which started in 1995 and was successfully completed and opened officially in 2000. Bang Na Expressway used to hold the world’s record as the longest bridge in the world from 2000-2004.
7. Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah Causeway
Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah Causeway’s project was initiated by Kuwait Ministry of Public Works on November 3, 2013 which cost more than 3 billion dollars. The construction was ended on May 1, 2019 with a distance of 48,500 meters long. The purpose to build the bridge was to connect to 2 areas in order to reduce the travel distance as well as the cost of gas and oil. The first link was to connect future the Silk City to Kuwait City, while the second link was to connect Doha to Kuwait City.
8. Beijing Grand Bridge
Claimed to be one of the longest bridges in the world, Beijing Grand Bridge stands at rank number 8. This bridge is also one of the high-speed railways from Beijing to Shanghai that China has constructed. The purpose of building this bridge was to link the Yangtze River Delta and the Bohai Economic Rim which are the 2 crucial economic zones of China. This bridge is 48,153 meters long. According to the world record, this bridge was completed in 2010, but the Chinese government officially announced it to be used in 2011.
9. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway
With its construction above Lake Pontchartrain, Lake Pontchartrain Causeway is in southern Louisiana, USA. The U.S government decided to build the bridge because of trying to facilitate its citizen for crossing Lake Pontchartrain, located in the southern part of Louisiana. The project of building Lake Pontchartrain Causeway was initiated on January 20, 1955. It took 14 months to complete the construction, which later was opened to the public on August 30, 1956. The total cost of the construction was 30 million dollars. Its length is 38.35 kilometers (23.83 miles) long with 2 aligned bridges.
10. Line 1, Wuhan Metro Bridge
The last top 10 of the longest bridge is Wuhan Metro Bridge located in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. This metro line system is controlled by the Wuhan Metro Co., Ltd. Wuhan Metro Bridge consists of 2 lines. Line 1 runs from Zongguan to Huangpu, while Line 2 goes from Huangpu Road to Dijiao and from Dongwu Boulevard to Zongguan. According to the information from the government, Line 1 was opened on July 28, 2004, but Line 2 was officially opened to the public on July 29, 2010.